Man1 - alsactl.1

Table of Contents


alsactl - advanced controls for ALSA soundcard driver


alsactl [/options/] [/store/|/restore/|/init/] <card # or id or device>

alsactl monitor <card # or id>

alsactl [/clean/] <card # or id or device>


alsactl is used to control advanced settings for the ALSA soundcard drivers. It supports multiple soundcards. If your card has features that you can’t seem to control from a mixer application, you have come to the right place.



The <card> argument is optional. If no soundcards are specified, setup for all cards will be saved, loaded or monitored.

store <card>

This command saves the current driver state for the selected soundcard to the configuration file.

restore <card>

This command loads driver state for the selected soundcard from the configuration file. If restoring fails (eventually partly), the init action is called.

nrestore <card>

This command is like restore, but it notifies also the daemon to do new rescan for available soundcards.

init <card>

This command tries to initialize all devices to a default state. If device is not known, error code 99 is returned.


This command manages to save periodically the sound state.


This command is like daemon but restore the sound state at first.

kill <cmd>

This command notifies the daemon to do the specified operation (quit, rescan, save_and_quit).

monitor <card>

This command is for monitoring the events received from the given control device.

clean <card> [filter]

This command cleans the controls created by applications.

The optional element identifiers are accepted as a filter. One extra argument is parsed as an element identifiers.

Example: alsactl clean 0 “name=’PCM’” “name=’Mic Phantom’”


This command dumps the current state (all cards) to stdout.


This command dumps the current configuration (all cards) to stdout. Note that the configuration hooks are evaluated.


-h, –help
Help: show available flags and commands.
-d, –debug
Use debug mode: a bit more verbose.
-v, –version
Print alsactl version number.
-f, –file
Select the configuration file to use. The default is /var/lib/alsa/asound.state.
-a, –config-dir
Select the boot / hotplug ALSA configuration directory to use. The default is /var/lib/alsa.
-l, –lock
Use the file locking to serialize the concurrent access to the state file (this option is default for the global state file).
-L, –no-lock
Do not use the file locking to serialize the concurrent access to the state file (including the global state file).
-O, –lock-state-file
Select the state lock file path.
-F, –force
Used with restore command. Try to restore the matching control elements as much as possible. This option is set as default now.
-g, –ignore
Used with store, restore and init commands. Do not show ’No soundcards found’ and do not set an error exit code when soundcards are not installed.
-P, –pedantic
Used with restore command. Don’t restore mismatching control elements. This option was the old default behavior.
-I, –no-init-fallback
Don’t initialize cards if restore fails. Since version 1.0.18, alsactl tries to initialize the card with the restore operation as default. But this can cause incompatibility with the older version. The caller may expect that the state won’t be touched if no state file exists. This option takes the restore behavior back to the older version by suppressing the initialization.
-r, –runstate
Save restore and init state to this file. The file will contain only errors. Errors are appended with the soundcard id to the end of file.
-R, –remove
Remove runstate file at first.
-E, –env #=#
Set environment variable (useful for init action or you may override ALSA_CONFIG_PATH to read different or optimized configuration - may be useful for “boot” scripts).
-i, –initfile
The configuration file for init. By default, PREFIX/share/alsa/init/00main is used.
-p, –period
The store period in seconds for the daemon command.
-e, –pid-file
The pathname to store the process-id file in the HDB UUCP format (ASCII).
-b, –background
Run the task in background.
-s, –syslog
Use syslog for messages.
-n, –nice
Set the process priority (see ’man nice’)
-c, –sched-idle
Set the process scheduling policy to idle (SCHED_IDLE).
-D, –ucm-defaults
Execute also the ’defaults’ section from the UCM configuration. The standard behaviour is to execute only ’once’ section.
-U, –no-ucm
Skip the UCM init even if available. It may be useful for the test the legacy init configuration.


/var/lib/alsa/asound.state (or whatever file you specify with the -f flag) is used to store current settings for your soundcards. The settings include all the usual soundcard mixer settings. More importantly, alsactl is capable of controlling other card-specific features that mixer apps usually don’t know about.

The configuration file is generated automatically by running alsactl store. Editing the configuration file by hand may be necessary for some soundcard features (e.g. enabling/disabling automatic mic gain, digital output, joystick/game ports, some future MIDI routing options, etc).


amixer(1), alsamixer(1), aplay(1), alsactl_init(7)


None known.


alsactl is by Jaroslav Kysela <> and Abramo Bagnara <>. This document is by Paul Winkler <>.

Author: dt

Created: 2022-02-22 Tue 16:39