Table of Contents

What is fdisk?

fdisk is a program for managing partition tables and partitions on a hard disk. It understands GPT, MBR, Sun, SGI and BSD partition tables.

Basic commands

List partitions:

sudo fdisk -l

Start the partition manipulator:

sudo fdisk /dev/sdX

Create a new empty partition table:

For a new GPT table:


For a new DOS table:


Partitioning the disk:

create a partition:


change partition type:


delete a partition:


print the partition table:


write the changes made:


quit without saving:


open a help menu:


After fdisk

Make your file system:

  • sudo mkswap /dev/vda1
  • sudo swapon /dev/vda1
  • sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/vda2
  • sudo mkfs.ext4 /dev/vdb1

sudo blkid

This command gets the UUID of your block devices if you need to add to the fstab. This is useful when wanting to auto-mount partitions that are on their own disk (such as /home or /music).

Editing the fstab:

sudo vim /etc/fstab (or nano, if you prefer)

Add this line at the end of the fstab:

UUID=<noted number from above> /home ext4 defaults 0 2

Now reboot and see if it works!

sudo reboot


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Author: dt

Created: 2022-02-20 Sun 10:16